How to Write a Literature Review for a UK Dissertation


One of the most important components of a bachelor thesis or dissertation is the literature review. It is an evaluation of the existing research and literature in your chosen field, and it lays the foundation for your research. Writing a literature review can be a daunting task, especially for students who are new to the process. This guide will provide you with all the necessary steps and tips to write an effective literature review for a UK dissertation.

What is a Literature Review?

A literature review is a critical evaluation and analysis of the available literature and research on a particular topic. It serves as a summary and synthesis of the existing knowledge and research in your field. The purpose of a literature review is to identify the gaps in the existing research and highlight the significance of your research.

Step 1: Define your Topic

The first step in writing a literature review is to define your topic. Identify the research question that you want to answer and narrow down your focus. Your literature review should be relevant to your research question and contribute to the existing body of knowledge.

Step 2: Conduct a Comprehensive Search

The next step is to conduct a comprehensive search for relevant literature. Use academic databases, search engines, and online libraries to find articles, books, and other sources related to your topic. Make sure to use relevant keywords and search terms to get the most accurate results.

Step 3: Evaluate the Sources

Once you have identified the relevant sources, it is important to evaluate them critically. Consider the quality, relevance, and credibility of each source and analyze its strengths and weaknesses. Use a critical approach to assess the methodology, findings, and conclusions of each source.

Step 4: Organize the Literature

After evaluating the sources, organize them based on their relevance to your research question. Identify the main themes and trends in the literature and group the sources accordingly. This will help you identify the gaps in the existing research and highlight the significance of your research.

Step 5: Write the Literature Review

Finally, it is time to write the literature review. Start with an introduction that provides an overview of your research question and the purpose of the literature review. Then, summarize the main themes and trends in the literature and highlight the gaps in the existing research. Finally, conclude your literature review by discussing the significance of your research and how it contributes to the existing body of knowledge.


Writing a dissertation can be a challenging and time-consuming task, but with the right approach, it can be a rewarding experience. This step-by-step guide provides a framework for writing a dissertation that is clear, concise, and organized. By following these steps, you can write a dissertation that meets the requirements of your degree program and makes a valuable contribution to your field of study.
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